Scrubby Flatwoods

Scrubby flatwoods is floristically and functionally intermediate between pine flatwoods and scrub, and sometimes (but not necessarily) occurs as an ecotone between them (Abrahamson and Hartnett 1990). Scrubby flatwoods differs from scrub by the presence of scattered wiregrass and a preponderance of flatwoods species such as fetterbush (Lyonia lucida), wax myrtle (Myrica cerifera), and gallberry (Ilex glabra). Shrubby oaks, including sand live oak, Chapman's oak, and myrtle oak or scrub oak, are often dominant and slash pine, sand pine or longleaf pine may be present. Plant species typical of scrubby flatwoods that may be considered indicators of the community include tarflower (Befaria racemosa), scrub St. John's wort (Hypericum reductum), and pennyroyal (Piloblephis rigida). Scrubby flatwoods is more mesic than scrub, has a higher water table (Abrahamson et al. 1984) and the vegetation is more dense. Scrubby flatwoods is drier that flatwoods and almost never has standing water (Abrahamson et al. 1984). It has been suggested that scrubby flatwoods sometimes captures pine flatwoods sites that have been logged and protected from fire (see Myers 1990).

Taken from: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1999. South Florida Multi-Species Recovery Plan. Atlanta, Georgia. Pp. 3:34.

Listed Species Occurring in Scrubby Flatwood Habitat

  • Florida Panther
  • Florida Scrub-Jay
  • Kirtland's Warber
  • Eastern Indigo Snake
  • Blue-tailed Mole Skink
  • Sand Skink
  • Four Petal Paw-paw
  • Florida Bonamia
  • Fragrant Prickly Apple
  • Pygmy Fringe Tree
  • Florida Golden Aster
  • Florida Perforate Cladonia
  • Pigeon Wings
  • Short-leave Rosemary
  • Avon Park Harebells
  • Garrett's Mint
  • Scrub Mint
  • Lakela's Mint
  • Scrub Buckwheat
  • Snakeroot
  • Highlands Crub Hypericum
  • Scrub Blazing Star
  • Scrub Lupine
  • Britton's Beargrass
  • Papery Whitlow-wort
  • Lewton's Polygala
  • Wireweed
  • Sandlace
  • Scrub Plum
  • Carter's Mustard
  • Florida Ziziphus